The north-east region of India is considered one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world. A far-flung frontier region connected to the rest of India by a narrow 22-km corridor in Assam, it is consists of the eight states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
The Trusts launched the North East Initiative in 2008 to address developmental issues in the region through the provision of enhanced livelihood opportunities, improved agricultural practices and sustainable use of natural resources. It aims to create an effective channel for the dissemination of knowledge and expertise in the region.
Subsistence agriculture forms the main occupation with about 80% of the population engaging in it. While settled cultivation is practiced in the plains, shifting cultivation, locally known as jhum, is the predominant agricultural practice in the hilly regions. Unchecked practice of jhum has put pressure on the fragile ecosystem and led to food scarcity. Rising unemployment, health issues, etc. pose a serious threat to the social, and economic stability of the region.
Since 2008, the Tata Trusts have been working for the development of the region through the following programmes:
|North East Initiative||Enhancing livelihoods through agriculture, horticulture, and piggery. education||Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland|
|Centre for Microfinance and Livelihood||Enhancing livelihoods through skill building in agriculture, fisheries, dairy, etc||Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya|
|Tata Water Mission||Drinking water and sanitation||Nagaland|