The Trusts have pioneered several leading institutions. The centres of excellence have made significant contributions to several fields, particularly medicine, science and education.
As financial aid to organisations is given to enable them to implement a specific project, it has a discernible and concrete impact of limited magnitude and sweep. However, grants made to the institutions have a longer time frame and a wider canvas of impact. Even though, the daily administration of most of these institutions has now been handed over to the respective governments, the Trusts continue to support and nurture them in myriad ways.
Indian Institute of Science
Envisioned as a 'University of Research' by Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) came into being on May 27, 1911. IISc has evolved into one of India's most sought-after centres for research and postgraduate education in science and engineering and a byword for excellence. Its state-of-the-art research laboratories, library and computational facilities rank amidst India's best.
Tata Institute of Social Sciences
The Sir Dorabji Tata Graduate School of Social Work was established in 1936. In 1944, the country's first school of social work was rechristened the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS). TISS employs a community-integrated approach to learning. Students undergo value-based professional education that encourages social intervention through field projects.
Tata Medical Center
Set up in Kolkata in May 16, 2011, Tata Medical Center (TMC) provides world-class facilities to cancer patients from the Eastern and North-eastern regions of India, Nepal and Bangladesh, who until then had to travel far for treatment. The philanthropic initiative aims at prevention, research, early diagnosis and treatment of cancer, and rehabilitation and palliation of affected patients; 50% of the beds are reserved for the underprivileged.
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
JRD Tata and Homi J Bhabha began work on the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) to create outstanding research centres to facilitate India's progress in science. It was set up with the aid of the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust on June 1, 1945, in Bengaluru, and relocated to Mumbai in 1962. TIFR is the birthplace of India's first digital computer and the nation's atomic energy endeavour.
National Institute of Advanced Studies
The National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) is the brainchild of JRD Tata, whose idea was to create an institution that would engage in advanced research studies in multidisciplinary areas; namely, the natural and social sciences, and the arts and humanities. Established in 1988, NIAS explores the intersections between the fields of science and technology, philosophy, leadership and social issues.